The effects of the 2010 BP oil spill were witnessed by all of us and we all saw what exactly happened. It affected a lot of people in many ways causing more jobs and work needed to clean up the massive amount of oil. It affected people’s health, tourism, marine life and more. The effects are still there and there was no easy fix to it. A lot of people’s lives have been affected and a lot of people will be affected in the future, this includes the 11 casualties that occurred during the crisis. A total of 210 million gallons of oil spilled out which caused a lot of problems. There were a lot of different locations that had to have cleanup crews deployed to cleanup oil residue on beaches. This was in locations such as Louisiana, Florida and more.
It reminds me of when my family experienced severe flooding at our home. Everything was damaged and it was a massive clean-up effort by trained and experienced flood specialists. This is how the oil spill was. They couldn’t just take anyone and try to clean this mess up. They had to take the people that are trained in oil clean-up or it could have been even worse.
The spill caused a number of health consequences and problems. Some were by workers of the cleanup effort and others were by residents living in places that were affected. Scientists estimate that the health crisis would last at least five years. There were problems such as eye, nose and throat irritation, respiratory problems, seizures, vomiting, muscle damage and more. Dispersants were added to the oil but they were said to make the oil more toxic. The spill was home to over 8332 different species of fish, birds, molluscs and more. Long term damage may not be seen for years. Oil affected a lot of animals including birds who lost buoyancy and abilities to regulate body temperature, decreasing populations and an unbalanced food web. This was not only in areas close to the spill but miles out. It was later found that animals fled the areas in search for food and shelter.
The effects hit hard in an economic way costing billions and affected sectors such as drilling, fishing and tourism. It also cost BP billions of dollars not only in costs from the spill and fines but also gas stations reported sales losses due to a backlash against the company. The NOAA had to close over 86,000 square miles of federal waters in the Gulf of Mexico costing $2.5 Billion for the fishing industry. Overall the BP oil spill was a huge mess and controversy that caused a lot of problems for a lot of people. It changed lives and it changed the world. It has caused financial and other problems for a lot of people and companies. The effects are still being seen now and some may still be around for years to come. There will always be the chance of a spill like this. We are moving toward more sustainable energy but there will always be oil and the possibility of another spill. This is the world we live in now. We have to accept it and live with the consequences.